、由于项目特征描述不够准确或发生了变化而引起综合单价有了变化，应如何调整? 1. How to adjust the comprehensive unit price due to the inaccurate description of the project characteristics or changes ?
Answer: When the bidders get the list, they should verify with the drawings. If they do not match the construction content of the drawings, they can raise questions. In the absence of drawings and changes in project characteristics, it depends on how the contract documents are signed. If the contract documents are not clear, the settlement will be adjusted on time.
、报综合单价时是按特征描述来报还是按工作内容来报? 2.When reporting the integrated unit price, should it be reported according to the feature description or the work content ?
Answer: Both of them should be considered. Questions can be resolved by answering questions.
、同一分部分项工程项目招标方提供的工程量清单是按招标文件来确定描述工程特征，如果投标人的施工方案描述的工作内容和特征与招标人的不同，是否允许对工程量清单项目工程内容和特征描述进行修改、补充? 3. The quantity list provided by the bidder for the same sub-item project is determined according to the bidding documents to describe the characteristics of the project. If the work content and characteristics described in the bidder's construction plan are different from those of the bidder, whether to allow the quantity list item Modifications and additions to the project content and characterization ?
Answer: The project characteristics provided by the tenderer describe the characteristics of the project and express the content of the project entity. It has nothing to do with the construction method and construction plan. The construction method and construction plan used to complete the entity's construction are determined by the bidder. The content of the entity cannot be modified or supplemented.
、请问当接到一份工程量清单后，怎样鉴别其是否漏项? 4. When I receive a bill of quantities, how do I identify whether it is missing ?
A: Based on the design drawings and the "Pricing Standards", carefully check all the list items to see whether they fully reflect the entire content of the proposed project. This method is generally time consuming. Another method is to identify the item first. The construction type of the project is compared with historical engineering data of similar typical projects. This method can only be used to compare large items. For some detailed items, it is necessary to look at the drawings to determine whether the items are missing.
、在工程量清单中，“为了准确的计价，零星工作项目表中应详细列出人工、材料、机械名称和相应数量”，这怎么实现? 5. In the list of engineering quantities, "in order to accurately calculate the price, the scattered work item list should detail the labor, materials, machinery names and corresponding quantities", how can this be achieved ?
Answer: Depending on the engineering situation, the bidders list the relevant content in the sporadic work item pricing table and indicate the tentative amount. This is the bidder's prediction of the sporadic work items other than the project quantity list items that may occur in the future. 招标人没有列出，而实际工作中出现了工程量清单项目以外的零星工作项目，可按合同规定或按规范4.0.9条工程量变更进行调整。 The bidder responds to the quotation according to the content in the table. The "unit price" here is the concept of a comprehensive unit price, and management fees, profits, and risks should be considered ; the bidder did not list it, and sporadic work other than the bill of quantities item appeared in the actual work. Projects can be adjusted as stipulated in the contract or in accordance with the change in the engineering quantity of Article 4.0.9 .
、甲方供料是否计算计价?是否放入投标报价中，还是放入其他费中的招标人部分? 6. Is Party A's supply calculated and priced ? Is it included in the bidding quotation or the bidder's part of other fees ?
Answer: According to the requirements of the bidding documents.
、甲方购买的材料，材料费必须列入综合单价。 7. For materials purchased by Party A, the material cost must be included in the comprehensive unit price. I would like to ask the expert, since the material purchase fee for A is included in the comprehensive unit price, what does the material purchase fee for the bidder's part of the other project list refer to? I don't understand. Please ask the expert for advice.
Answer: First of all, it should be clear that the tenderer listed the amount of the material purchase fee in the list of other projects, which refers to the material fee purchased by the tenderer, which is not inconsistent with the entry of the material supply cost into the comprehensive unit price. When valuing documents, the material purchase fee shall be divided into the comprehensive unit price according to the supply list of material A, and the material insurance premium, inspection and test costs, management costs, profit, and risk shall be calculated. At the same time, the material purchase fee in the other project list in the bidding document shall be calculated as zero. This method has been reflected in practice.
、材料和设备的划分，在工程量清单计价工程中如何处理?由投标人采购的设备(如变压器)是否应纳入综合单价? 8. How should the division of materials and equipment be handled in the bill of quantities calculation project ? Should equipment ( such as transformers ) purchased by bidders be included in the comprehensive unit price ?
设备费在项目设备购置费中列项,不属于建安工程费范围,因此,清单报价中不考虑此项费用。 Answer : The equipment cost is listed in the project equipment purchase cost and does not belong to the scope of construction and safety engineering costs . Therefore , this cost is not considered in the list price.
、为便于将来设计变更不会因为投标书中无单价而使承发包双方发生不必要的纠纷，可否采用多做法共存的工程量清单?如，某工程楼地面7000m2工程量。 9. In order to facilitate future design changes without unnecessary disputes between the contracting and contracting parties because there is no unit price in the bid, can a multi-method coexistence bill of quantities be used ? For example, the ground floor of a project building has a volume of 7000m2 . 或暂定一个数量)? In the engineering design, it is the floor of the cement mortar floor. The cement mortar floor, the terrazzo floor, the floor brick floor, the marble floor, etc. are listed in the project quantity list, and their respective quantities are 7000m2 ( or temporarily). Set a quantity )?
Answer: No. The quantity list can only be compiled according to the construction drawings and construction plans. If there is an increase or decrease in the quantity of the engineering change, the actual amount will be settled upon completion of the contract.
、如果具体的实际技术措施与投标不符，但形成实体的实际工程量未发生变化时，措施费用是否应该增加，比如投标采用机械挖土，而实际由于地下管线不明采用人工挖土，但挖土工作量未增加，此处是否需调整单价，如果是固定单价那么是否调整。 10. If the specific actual technical measures are inconsistent with the bidding, but the actual cost of the forming entity has not changed, should the cost of the measure be increased, such as mechanical tendering for bidding, and actual manual excavation for unknown underground pipelines, but excavation? The amount of soil work has not increased. Do you need to adjust the unit price here? If it is a fixed unit price, do you want to adjust it?
不可抗力、其它法规要求)或业主要求的情况下，施工企业只能自己承担对于更改施工方案后的费用增加，投标报价时的综合单价不予调整。 Answer: This question is essentially a question of whether the unit price can be changed after the construction technical plan is changed from the original construction plan included in the bidding quotation, and the amount of work has not changed. According to the general situation, the construction The technical scheme is independent of the construction enterprise. Without special reasons ( force majeure, other regulatory requirements ) or the owner's requirements, the construction enterprise can only bear the increase in costs after changing the construction scheme. The comprehensive unit price at the time of bidding will not be adjusted. .
、清单工程量中有梁板的工程量少了,竣工结束后给予量的调整,那么相应的模板等措施费也给予调整吗?(合同中对此没有约定)若不调整,有说服力的依据是什么?尤其是有无法律法规方面的文件解释。 11. The quantity of beams and slabs in the list of quantities is less . The amount of adjustment will be given after completion. Will the corresponding formwork and other measures be adjusted ? ( There is no agreement on this in the contract. ) If it is not adjusted , it will be convincing. What is the basis for this ? In particular, are there any documents explaining laws and regulations ?
Answer: There are no clear and detailed provisions in laws and regulations, but in practice there are the following practices to refer to. ① Whether there is a supplementary agreement between Party A and Party B, and whether the agreement is clear. If not: the two parties negotiate to resolve. ② The contractor shall check the amount of work with the contracting party within a certain period of time after winning the bid. After completion, no matter whether the amount of the checklist at that time is large or small, it shall not be adjusted.
、清单结算时其他项目清单中的预留金和零星工作费怎么处理，要减掉吗? 12. How to deal with the reserve and sporadic work expenses in other project lists when the list is settled? Do you want to reduce it ?
Answer: The reserve money, general contracting service fee, and sporadic work item fee listed in the other project lists are estimated and forecasted quantities. Although they are included in the bid quote when bidding, they should not be considered as the bidder's ownership. When settlement is completed, the contractor shall settle according to the actual contents of the project. The remainder shall remain with the tenderer, and the shortfall shall be borne by the tenderer.
、在其他项目清单及计价表中，招标人部分的预留金为一个具体的数字，但他的清单是分好几个工程的，请问这些预留金是分摊到各个清单中呢?还是一次性在一个清单中报价，其他清单报价均为零呢? 13. In the other project lists and pricing tables, the reserve for the bidder's part is a specific figure, but his list is divided into several projects. Is the reserve allocated to each list ? Or is it one time ? Is the price quoted in one list, and the other list prices are zero ?
土建、装饰、安装等) ，这里的预留金一般都是整个工程项目的费用，由于清单规范将预留金放在了其它项目清单中，所以一般都把这部分费用放在一个清单工程中，但是我们应该注意的是这部分费用是属于招标人部分，投标人是不能擅自更改的，因此，招标清单中预留金放在什么工程文件中，投标文件中就放在什么位置。 Answer: What you mean is that a bidding project generally includes several professional projects ( civil engineering, decoration, installation, etc. ) . The reserve here is generally the cost of the entire project. Due to the inventory specification, the reserve is placed on other projects. In the list, this part of the cost is generally put in a list project, but we should note that this part of the cost belongs to the bidders, and the bidders cannot change it without authorization. Therefore, the reserve in the bidding list is placed in What project files are placed in the bid files. In short, no change is required.
、对于预留金，若发生的工程量变更超过预留金额，是否调整? 14. Regarding the reserve, if the amount of engineering changes occurred exceeds the reserved amount, is it adjusted ?
A: The cost of reserving the metal for project changes reserved by the bidder has nothing to do with the bidder.
、在施工中遇到设计变更时，有增项，增项是否也要编清单编码? 15. When a design change is encountered during construction, there are additional items. Should the additional items be coded in the list ?
Answer: It depends on whether the bidder requires the preparation of inventory items. Usually the final settlement is based on a fixed amount.
、在施工中清单项目因施工变更导致其中一项或多项工作内容发生变化，此时清单综合单价该如何调整，比如，挖土方中，因设计变更，其中土方外运工程量加大或本来无凿桩项目后因设计变更增加了凿桩等情况; 16. During construction, one or more of the work items of the list items are changed due to construction changes. At this time, how should the comprehensive unit price of the list be adjusted, for example, in the excavation, due to the design change, the amount of earthmoving works has increased or Originally, after the project without piling, the piling was added due to design changes ;
协商不成，提请工程造价管理机构裁定，仍有异议，按合同约定的其他方法解决。 Answer: The bidder or the successful bidder proposes the appropriate comprehensive unit price, which is determined through negotiation between the two parties ; if the negotiation fails, the construction cost management agency is required to rule that there are still objections, and it shall be resolved by other methods agreed in the contract.
、清单编制说明上写到：由于工程做法复杂，项目特征不能详细说明，请对照图纸做法报价。 17. The inventory preparation description states that: due to the complex engineering practices, the project characteristics cannot be described in detail, please quote against the drawing practices. 项目特征上不说明会不会导致每个投标人都会有不同的报价范围呢? So, did the inventory compiler explain it this way, then what kind of responsibility does it have ? Does not explain the characteristics of the project, will it cause each bidder to have a different price range ?
Answer: The tenderer should not make such a stipulation in the inventory preparation statement, because the tenderer must be responsible for the quantity of the project, and the tenderer must be responsible for the quantity of the inventory he has compiled. Because the bidders have different understandings of the description of the list items, it will lead to different bidding scopes.
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